About Nepal

Nepal at a Glance

    • Area: 147,181 sq.km.
    • Capital: Kathmandu
    • Population: (approximately) 29 million
    • People: Nepal has more than 100 ethnic groups and 100 spoken languages.
    • Language: All languages used in Nepal are national languages while Nepali is the language of official use. English is widely spoken.
    • Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR)
    • Political System: Multi-party democratic republic.
    • Time: GMT +5 hours 45 minutes
    • International Dialing Code: +977
    • Internet Top Level Domain: .np

Topographical Features

The Himalayan belt in the north, the hilly region with the fertile valleys in the middle and the narrow strip of plain Terai in the South run parallel to one another from East to West. The Mountain Region covers 15 % while the Hilly Region covers 68 % and the Terai (Plain) Region occupies 17 % of the total land area.

Climate

The climate of the country varies with its topography. The climate ranges from tropical to arctic varying with the altitude. The Himalayan region with an altitude above 3353 meters has alpine climate with considerably low temperature in winter. The mid hilly regions are pleasant all the year. The Terai region has hot humid climate. Nepal has distinct four seasons.

Language

Nepal has a multi-ethnic and multi-lingual society characterized by tolerance and harmony. All languages used in Nepal are national languages while Nepali is the language of official use. English is widely spoken.

More about Nepal

Nepal – occupying only 0.03% of the Earth – is home to:

  • 2% of all the flowering plants in the world
  • 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species)
  • 4% of mammals on Earth
  • 11% of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
  • 600 families of indigenous plants
  • 350 species of exotic orchids
  • 9 national parks (two of them listed in the World Natural Heritage Sites)
  • 3 wildlife reserves
  • 1 hunting reserve
  • 3 conservation areas
  • 6 buffer zones

Nepal has allocated nearly one fifth of its land for national parks and conservation areas. Nepal is a destination for all seasons.